Vomiting in Dogs- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


If you are a pet parent, you must have encountered vomiting in your dog at least a few times. A dog might vomit simply because it has eaten something unacceptable or swallowed down too much of food, as often noticeable in breeds like labradors. But vomiting could be far more concernedly than it looks. Your dog may have consumed toxic substances or may be suffering from gastrointestinal infections or complications, which might require immediate veterinary attention. In such a case, please contact your nearest vet for a check-up.

What might cause an acute episode of vomiting in your Dog?

  • Bacterial, viral or protozoal gastroenteritis
  • Diet-related etiology (change of diet, food intolerance, ingestion of debris )
  • Foreign bodies (i.e. toys, bones, pieces of chewies) in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Intestinal parasites
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Acute liver failure or gall bladder inflammation
  • Pancreatitis
  • Post-operative nausea
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Certain medications or anesthetic agents
  • Bloat
  • Heatstroke
  • Motion sickness
  • Infection in uterus

    Vomiting that occurs sporadically over a longer period can be due to gastroenteritis, severe constipation, cancer, kidney dysfunction, liver disease or systemic illness.


    What other supplementary symptoms you should look for?

    Vomiting usually is a symptom to either one or many causal factors, so it is sometimes difficult for a veterinarian or a pet parent to determine the actual causal factor. So it is recommended to look for other symptoms appearing alongside the vomiting to determine the root of the problem. Look for;
    Volume and texture of the vomit: Many a time due to bacterial or protozoal infections texture or volume of the vomit varies. For example, in an acute pervo case, the texture of the vomit will turn frothy yellowish.
    Frequency of the vomiting: If your dog is vomiting frequently in a certain interval then it’s time to respond to the alarm.

  • Diarrhea

  • Dehydration
  • Lethargy
  • Blood in vomit
  • Weight loss
  • Change in appetite
  • Increase or decrease in thirst or urination

    What can you do, if your Dog is vomiting?

    If it is once, then it is a great relief. But if it occurs more than once and a couple of times in a day, you will shiver. Sometimes your local vet might not be readily available and the situation needs to be addressed. You can do some of these at your home recommended only until your family vet arrives or your dog reaches a pet clinic.

  • Provide your dog with immediate oral rehydration (ORS solution, Electral solution)
    In case of unavailability of medicated oral rehydration solutions, mix 1 tsp sugar and 1/4 spoon of salt in 250 ml of water and offer it to your dog.

  • Look for any other accompanying symptoms and understand the urgency of the situation
  • Immediately cease any commercial food for the time being
  • Remove your dog from the place of the vomiting to prevent further exposure, maintain hygiene
  • Nowadays one can easily speak to a veterinarian online to get immediate advice on pet health care. If you have any doubt, you may take online consultation.

    What are some treatment options?

    You can baby your dog as you would a sick child and give him homemade food such as boiled potatoes, rice, and well-cooked, skinless chicken. In certain situations, your dog may require fluid therapy, antibiotics, a change in diet, antiemetics (drugs to help control vomiting) or other medication. It is best to follow your veterinarian’s recommendations regarding appropriate treatment.

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