New Born Puppy Care – Feeding, Vaccines and More

new-born-puppy-care

Getting a new puppy is so awesome and fun. Isn’t it? I got my first pup when I was almost 5 years old and seriously, right now, I fall short of vocabulary to explain my joy of having him. During the first few weeks of life, a puppy’s primary activities are mostly feeding, keeping warm, napping and just acclimatizing to the new world. And I believe that It’s a whole lotta work for those cutie pies. LOL!!
Naturally, the mother provides all the necessary care for the pups, like nursing, feeding but sometimes a mother is just unable to be caring towards the pups due to lack of milk, desire to nurse (maybe due to poor health or demise). In such a situation pups are abandoned and vulnerable. When such a situation arises, as a pet parent some obvious questions might arise in your mind. I am going to answer some of them in this article. “However, I and my VetCoachLive team are just one click away to answer all your questions online anytime, anywhere”.

How Do I Feed a Newborn Puppy?

Well, this is one of the very first questions you might come up with. Especially when the mother is unavailable to care for the pup, you might want to speak to a vet for some advice and to make sure if you are doing it correctly. The pups will need a commercial milk replacer to compensate mothers milk. Try to grab a good puppy milk replacer, as cow’s milk or other human milk replacers might cause diarrhea in pups.
Keep the bottles and syringes clean and wash them with hot water (to sterilize) before every feeding schedule. You might also go for a homemade milk replacer diet for them which is easy to prepare. Let me share a recipe for you.

How Often a puppy Should Eat?

As you have the milk replacer with you, now you might wonder about how often you should feed your pup. Puppies generally nurse at least every two hours in their first week of life. As they develop and grow, the intervals between feedings increase. At around fourth week onwards pups can nibble on solid food. At this transition, you may provide good quality dry kibble soaked in lukewarm water or with a canine milk replacer. I also suggest you go for homemade easily digestible solid food. In due course of time milk replacers could be eliminated from the menu and the pups could be allowed to eat dry kibbles by 7-8 weeks of age. Consult our veterinarians online for the exact amount to feed and for help creating a long-term feeding schedule suited to the puppies’ development needs.

How Much Should a Newborn Puppy Weigh?

The average birth weight of a newborn puppy depends on the breed. During the first two weeks, the pups double or triples its completely natural birth weight. On average a pup gains weight up to 10-20 % of its birth weight. If your pup is not gaining body weight after birth, please consult a veterinarian immediately.

How Can I Help an Orphaned Puppy with Natures Call?

To have an answer to this question, you need to dive deep into the dog’s inherent nursing behavior. During the first two weeks, a pup is unable to excrete on its own. The mother stimulates excretion (defecation and urination) by leaking the lower abdomen and natural orifices. As a pet parent raising an orphaned pup without a mother, you should also do the same, but instead of licking you have to use your hands.
Let me share a trick, dip a cotton wool gauge in lukewarm water and wipe the anal and urinary region gently to offer that feeling of a mother licking her pups. This gentle gesture will stimulate urination and defecation in pups. If you find any hurdle in it let the vet coach you on this as it is an important event for the pups.

When should a Puppy get its first Veterinary Interventions?

A healthy puppy is a happier you. Assuming that your pup is healthy otherwise, he should get his introduction with your local vet at about 2.5 – 3 months (6 weeks) of age. Deworming could be done at 6th week followed by the first vaccination after 15days of deworming. However, if you find any one of the following symptoms in your pup, call a vet quickly.

  • Lack of appetite
  • Depression
  • Letherginess
  • Vomition
  • Diarrhea
  • Convulsions
  • Coughing/ sneezing
  • Difficult breathing
  • Pale gums
  • Nasal discharge
  • Profuse Lacrimation
  • Comment (2)

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      During their first few weeks of life, puppies are unable to urinate and defecate on their own. Dog mothers instinctively stimulate their babies to excrete waste through licking. If you are raising puppies without a mother dog, you will have to assume this-luckily, you can use your hands instead of your tongue! Dip a soft washcloth or a piece of gauze in warm water and gently massage the anal and urinary regions after feeding. The warmth, texture and movement mimic a mother dog’s tongue. It is vital that you do this, so have your vet coach you on methods of encouraging newborn puppies to relieve themselves. Puppies begin excreting on their own at about three to four weeks of age. The ASPCA Virtual Pet Behaviorist specializes in the resolution and management of pet behavior problems only. Please do not submit questions about medical problems here. Only licensed veterinarians can diagnose medical conditions. If you think that your pet is sick, injured or experiencing any kind of physical distress, please contact his veterinarian immediately. A delay in seeking proper veterinary care may worsen your pet’s condition and put his life at risk. If you are concerned about the cost of veterinary care, please read our resources on finding financial help. © 2009-2014 ASPCA. All Rights Reserved.

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      Also, make sure orphaned puppies stay warm at this tender age — a well-monitored heating pad or warm water bottle wrapped in a towel will do the trick. During their first few weeks of life, puppies are unable to urinate and defecate on their own. Dog mothers instinctively stimulate their babies to excrete waste through licking. If you are raising puppies without a mother dog, you will have to assume this-luckily, you can use your hands instead of your tongue! Dip a soft washcloth or a piece of gauze in warm water and gently massage the anal and urinary regions after feeding. The warmth, texture and movement mimic a mother dog’s tongue. It is vital that you do this, so have your vet coach you on methods of encouraging newborn puppies to relieve themselves. Puppies begin excreting on their own at about three to four weeks of age.

      Reply

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